drink

verb physical_consumption

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan [old reconstruction only]

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ratką́

Proto-Dakota *yatkĄ´

Lakota yatkĄ´ ‘drink’ [- ablaut] RTC , -tką, wópu- ‘dip in’ EB:607b , opútką ‘what you dip, e.g. soup’ EJ

Stoney yatką [- ablaut] PAS

Sioux Valley yatką [+ ablaut] PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ratką́

Chiwere rahtą́ RR

Hoocąk račgą́ ‘dip in, v.tr.’ KM:2542 , racgą KM:1539 , -cgą́, howa- , howacgą

Proto-Dhegiha *rahtą́

Omaha-Ponca ðattą́ ‘drink’ RR

Kanza/Kaw yattą́ ‘drink’ RR

Osage watháṭoⁿ , †waðáhtą ‘imbibe, drink’ LF:200b

Quapaw dattą́ ‘drink’ RR, JOD

General comment

The first syllable is the ‘mouth, instrumental’. Chiwere and DH share the *tk > *kt > ht metathesis; it recurs in numerous other forms.

Details Language Word Source