demonstrative, locative (1)

particle n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-ši

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa -ši- in: to•šiwaʔa ‘how shall I act?’ J , -ši in: tí•ši ‘distant, far, long’ J , ši- in: šiawiruk ‘how many times, sometime later’ H&V , -ši- in: o•khíširu ‘past, beyond, at a time before’ J , -ši- in: tuahkáširu ‘when was that?’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-ši

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *-ši

Chiwere -shi in: gósi/ góshi/ gósida , †ši ‘yonder; yon; there’ JGT:1146 , -shi- in: gósida/ góshida , †ši ‘over there’ JGT:1148 , -si- in: gósigi , †ši ‘this way; (come) this way’ JGT:1151

Hoocąk -ší- in: guušígi ‘over there’ KM:473 , -ši- in: guušigi ‘beyond in time’ KM:474 , -šii in: guušii- , -ši in: guušii-

Proto-Dhegiha *-ši-

Kanza/Kaw -ši- in: ášitta ‘outside, outdoors’ RR , -ší- in: hašítta ‘behind, in the rear’ RR , -ší in: gaší ‘long time ago, for a long time’ RR , -ší- in: gašídą ‘long time ago’ RR

Osage ashíṭa , †ašíhta ‘outside’ LF:301a

Quapaw -ši- in: ášitti ‘outside’ RR , -ši- in: ášiǫhe ‘outside’ RR

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi tcĭ- in: tcĭnáni, tcĭnaní (1) , †čí- in: tcĭ´na ‘that many’ D&S:264a , tcĭ- in: tcĭnáni, tcĭnaní (2) , †čí- in: tcĭ´na ‘how much? how many?’ D&S:264a , tcĭ- in: tcĭmána ~ tcûmana , †čí- in: tcĭ´na ‘some’ D&S:264a

Proto-Catawba

Catawba -ci- , †či•- in: tci•(ka) ‘there’ KS:227 , -ci- in: hadəwɛ tącidóʔ , †či•- in: tci•(ka) ‘now what are you doing?’ KS:247

Details Language Word Source