defecate, dung (1)

physical_somatic_function

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-yé ~ *-ré

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *é•ri

Crow éela RG

Hidatsa é•ri ‘defecate’ J , pé•ri ‘excrement’ J

Pre-Mandan *e•re

Mandan ehde ‘defecate’ Will , wéroʔš H:284

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *yé

Proto-Dakota *čhé-

Lakota čhe_slí ‘defecate’ RTC

Dakota tacesdi , †čhesdi ‘dung’ WM:55b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *yé•

Chiwere RR

Hoocąk reesíri ‘defecate’ KM:2599 , reesiri

Proto-Dhegiha *žé

Omaha-Ponca žé

Kanza/Kaw žé ‘excrement’ RR

Quapaw žé ‘excrement’ RR

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *įre

Biloxi iⁿdé, iⁿda , †įdé ‘dung, manure, feces’ D&S:202a

Ofo áⁿkindĕ , †ą́kįte ‘manure, dung’ D&S:322b

General comment

Cf. ‘defecate, dung (2)’, which preserves this root elsewhere in the possessive construction. MRS and Mandan *e•- is evidently a separate morpheme whose presence seems to attract accent. This set suggests *y in MVS and *r in OVS with MRS and Mandan, having merged the two, indeterminate.

Details Language Word Source