daughter

noun social_kin

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *i-yų́•ke

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa ihká ‘daughter’ J

Pre-Mandan *rų•hąkE ~ rų•hįkE (?)

Mandan rúhąk ~ rúhįk ‘daughter’ H:191 , korų́hįke ~ korų́hąke ‘his daughter’ H:191 , korų́•hąks ‘his daughter’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *i-yų́•ke

Proto-Dakota *(i-)čhųkši

Lakota čhųkší ~ čhųkš ‘daughter’ RTC

Dakota *(i-)čhųkši ‘daughter’ WM:44b , (mi-)cuŋkṡi

Assiniboine čhųkši PAS

Stoney čhųksi PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *iyų́•ke

Chiwere hį•nų́•įŋe ‘his daughter’ RR , iyų́ke GM

Otoe iyų́•ñe ‘woman’s daughter’ JDH

Hoocąk hinų́k ‘woman; queen (at cards)’ KM:973 , hinųk ‘daughter’ JWE , hinų́k , hinųk

Proto-Dhegiha *ižǫ́•ke

Omaha-Ponca ižǫ́•ge ‘daughter’ RTC

Ponca ižą́ge

Kanza/Kaw žǫ́ge RR

Osage izhóⁿge , †ižǫ́ke LF:82b

Quapaw ižą́ke ‘someone’s daughter’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi yûñḳi, yûñḳí , †yǫ́ki ‘his/her daughter’ D&S:296a

General comment

Mandan is not well explained here, but it looks parallel to Chiwere, which is diminutivized. The Hidatsa is even less well understood but seems to reflect an earlier i-hVkE, perhaps comparable to the Mandan. This word has become homophonous or nearly so in several languages with reflexes of ‘female, woman’, which differs only in vowel quality, e.g., Biloxi yąki ‘woman’, yųkidaughter’. In addition, reflexes of and have fallen together in several languages, so there appears to be quite a bit of contamination here.

Details Language Word Source