corn (4)

noun plant

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *ayé•ki

Biloxi yek, yékĭ, ayeki, ayeḳiyaⁿ, ayēk , †ayé•ki D&S:291b , yɛ•keʔ, ayɛ•keʔ , †ayé•ki MS

Ofo atcé̄ki, atcé̄k, itcé̄ki , †ačé•ki D&S:321b, JSS

General comment

This Biloxi/Ofo root is strikingly similar to the Caddoan form. Once more it is likely that widespread borrowing is involved, c.f. Pawnee re•ksu, Arikara ne•šuʔ, Wichita tɛ´•sʔ (ART-120), Caddo kisi’ (Chafe). The interesting element here is the geographical spread of the form from a probable southeastern origin. The third OVS language, Tutelo, has a term that matches DH and Chiwere/Hoocąk words more closely.

Other languages

  • Pawnee: re•ksu
  • Arikara: ne•šuʔ
  • Wichita: tɛ´•sʔ ART-120
  • Caddo: kisi’ Chafe
  • Pawnee: Nikiis Gilmore 1919
  • Proto Northern Iroquoian *-nẽhst- < *-nẽh- ‘seed’, Mithun-272
Details Language Word Source