cord, string (2)

noun physical_artefact_part

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *ąka

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa aká ‘string, cord’ J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan íka ‘string’ H:86 , hįką́rą ‘string’ RTC

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi añkada, añḳadá, etc. , †ąkada ‘cord, string, thread’ D&S:202a

General comment

Mandan and Biloxi agree in reflecting a final syllable -ra and nasalization of the first syllable. Hidatsa and Biloxi agree in the quality of the initial vowel.

Vowel quality in Mandan has presumably been influenced by ‘cord, sinew, vein (1)’, q.v.

Details Language Word Source