circle, hoop, camp circle

noun perceptual_visual_shape

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ho-yoka ~ *ho-roka

Proto-Dakota *hočhoka

Lakota ho- ‘camp circle’ RTC , hóčhoka ‘center of camp’ EJ , hóčhokab ‘center of camp’

Dakota hoćóka ‘courtyard, an area surrounded by tents or houses’ SRR:151b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ho-

Chiwere howékuǰe ‘hoop game’ LWR , horaga ‘camp circle’ WW:8

Hoocąk horók ų́ų ‘participate in, join organization’ KM:1484 , horok ųų

Proto-Dhegiha *ho-

Omaha-Ponca hú¢uga , †hóðoga ‘camp circle’ JOD

Kanza/Kaw hówega gínǫ ‘figure drawn on the ground when Kaws go to war’ RR

Osage hóega , †hóweka ‘bare spot (dual symbolism)’ LF:63a

General comment

This seems to be a primarily MVS term. *ho- certainly seems to be the common element meaning ‘circle’. It is commonly compounded with ‘middle; inside’, q.v.

Details Language Word Source