call, shout

verb social_communication


Proto-Siouan *pą́he

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *pa• < *pahe

Crow paá ~ páa ‘shout’ RG, GG:53, RGG:51

Hidatsa pa• ‘shout, holler’ [s. impv] J , pah ‘holler’ H&V

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *pą́

Proto-Dakota *(ki-)pą́

Lakota pą́, kipą́ RTC

Dakota kipaŋ , †kipą́ ‘call’ EB

Stoney gibą PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *(ki-)wą́•

Chiwere wą́, giwą́ LWR, GM

Hoocąk wą́ą, giwą́ ‘call,, call for’ KM:3586 , wąą, giwą

Proto-Dhegiha *(ki-)pą́

Omaha-Ponca gibą JOD, MAS:103

Kanza/Kaw gibą́, bǫ́ ‘call’ RR

Osage boⁿ , †pą́ ‘call; shout’ LF:28a , kipą́ , †pą́ ‘call, invite’ BR

Quapaw ‘call’ JOD


Catawba wǫ• ‘cry out’ KS

General comment

The Hidatsa imperative form shows this to be an old h-final and supports our claim that *ahe becomes a• as *ihe becomes ia and *uhe becomes ua. That Hidatsa also has the (unrelated ?) verb pá•hesing’, however, indicates that loss of h is not an unconditioned process.

Catawba may be related, but a w/p correspondence is not yet verified, much less understood.

Other languages

  • Yuchi pʔæ ‘call for’ LB
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources