brother-in-law (1) mWiBr, mSiHu

noun social_kin


Proto-Siouan *i-htá•hą

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *(i-)htá•hą

Proto-Dakota *thahą́

Lakota thąhą́ ‘man’s brother-in-law’ RTC

Dakota thahą́ SRR:452

Stoney thahą́ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *thą́•hą

Chiwere thą́hą RR

Hoocąk híičąą ~ híičąwą [man speaking] KM:872 , hicąą ~ hicąwą

Proto-Dhegiha *ihtáhą

Omaha-Ponca itahoⁿ , †ittáhą F&LF:317

Kanza/Kaw ittáhą RR

Osage itáhoⁿ , †ihtáhą LF:238a

Quapaw ittáhą JOD

Proto-Southeastern *(i-)tahą́-


Biloxi tahaⁿni, tahaⁿ´niyaⁿ´; tahaⁿní , †tahą́ni ‘voc. brother-in-law’ D&S:268b


Tutelo i-tahą́• HW , etahĕⁿ´eⁿ

General comment

Cf. other in-law terms. Variability in the placement of accent in the subgroups suggests that this term may not originally have been a dependent noun and may have been assimilated into the inalienably possessed set of nouns after Proto-Siouan times. At this point possessive *i- would have tended to shift accent leftward. Thus Proto-Siouan may have been either *i-htá•hą or simply *tahą́•.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources