ashes (2)

noun physical_substance




Proto-Dakota *čhaxóta

Lakota čhaxóta ‘ashes’ RTC

Dakota caḣota , †čhaxóta ‘ashes’ WM:10a


Chiwere á•xohǰe ‘ashes’ RR

Hoocąk raaxóč ‘dust, powdery ashes’ KM:2536 , raaxoc

Proto-Dhegiha *-xóte ‘gray’

Omaha-Ponca mǫʔxóde ‘ashes’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw nįxóǰe ‘ashes’ RR

Osage nixódse , †nįxóce ‘ashes’ LF:111a

Quapaw nįxóte, nįxótte ‘ashes’ RR

General comment

Proto-Mississipi-Valley compounds roots for ‘wood’, ‘earth’, ‘fire’, or ‘liquid’ with ‘gray’. The Ioway form shows reflexes of an earlier *a•-xót-ka, but the prefix is unidentified. Hoocąk apparently has the ‘by heat’ instrumental.

Little is really reconstructible here outside the root for ‘gray’, but the set may be of derivational interest.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources