antelope, goat

noun animal_mammal



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hta•thó

Proto-Dakota *thathóka

Lakota thathóka ‘antelope’ EB:484a

Dakota tatókadaŋ , †thathókadą ‘antelope’ WM:7b


Otoe thá•tho ‘antelope’ JDH , tha•thó ‘antelope’ JDH

Proto-Dhegiha *htačhóke < **htathóke

Omaha-Ponca ttačhóge ‘antelope’ RR

Kanza/Kaw ttačhóge ‘antelope’ RR

Osage ṭatsúge , †htachóke ‘antelope’ LF:231b

Quapaw ttačhóke ‘antelope’ JOD

General comment

The Dakota etymology ( < tha ‘ruminant’ + thóka ‘enemy’) recalls Sapir’s analysis of Navajo ‘maize’ = ‘enemy + food’, and has the same historical significance. DH forms could conceivably be borrowed, since *thoke is not found as an independent root in those languages. Cf. ‘chew’ for another th set.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources