noun person





Chiwere ra2-ga4r-ra4sh-i2ng , †rakrašį, †rakrešį [Say lxxx:a. S.; name of a well-known Otoe chief? Laggerash etc.]


Omaha-Ponca su2k-a3n-a3sh , †sakkanaš, †sagðąš [not a proper Omawhaw word]



Ofo áñglif, añglíf, áⁿglifhi , †ąklifhi ‘another, different, foreign, sometimes ‘English’ or ‘American’’

General comment

A loan, presumably < M.F. ‘les anglois’ leząglwɛ(z). Ofo source and meaning are uncertain. The form looks as if it were borrowed from French.

Its phonology is very un-Ofo, but the meaning is quite divergent from the French form, if that is what it is, and the f ~ fh from *s suggests either an older form or a very recent sound change in Ofo. Not only would the *s > f change be recent, but the Ofo aspiration rule would have to have been applicable still during the colonial period. That alone makes this an interesting and controversial form. It should be noted that the initial portion, ąk-, would be the expected Biloxi and Ofo reflex of Proto-Siouanman, person (1)’, so the status of this term as a loanword in Ofo is not at all well established and may be more apparent than real.

Other languages

  • Men: saakanaas LB-231
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources