tooth (1), edge, point



Proto-Siouan *i-hí•

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *(h)i

Crow GG:75, RGG:75

Hidatsa hi’ [or i] ‘a sharp point, the point of an instrument’ [commonly suffixed] WM:85a , i ‘point, edge, tooth’ [same as hi] WM:89a


Mandan híʔ ‘tooth’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hí•

Proto-Dakota *hi

Lakota ‘tooth’ RTC

Dakota hi ‘tooth; bit or edge; point of anything’ SRR:145a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *hí•

Chiwere hí• ‘tooth’ RTC, RR

Hoocąk híi ‘tooth’ KM:870 , hii

Proto-Dhegiha *hí

Omaha-Ponca ‘tooth’ RTC, RR

Kanza/Kaw ‘tooth’ RR

Osage ‘tooth or teeth’ LF:59b

Quapaw ‘tooth’ RR



Tutelo ihī N, H

General comment

The Hidatsa form hi’ ( = hiʔ ?) is probably from Mandan. Rising pitch in Crow indicates an earlier *ihí (cf. ‘hair, fur, feathers’). Thus both Crow and Tutelo preserve evidence that this term is a member of the inherently possessed body part class.

Other languages

  • Chitimacha ʔiʔ. Cf. Swadesh PCA #7 (rejected by Gursky 87 a,b).
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources