noun physical_somatic_body_part


Proto-Siouan *ų•te ~ *ą•te

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *rá•t + *hure

Crow dáasshuli ‘thigh’ GG:40

Hidatsa ná•thiru ‘thigh, flank’ J


Mandan rątáh ‘thigh’ H:173


Proto-Dakota *-ų́te

Dakota ćećúŋte , †čhečhų́te ‘thigh bone’ SRR:97



Ofo nạkhóⁿti , †nəkhą́ti ‘knee’ D&S:326

General comment

The Dakota form is related to DH žekáleg, thigh’, which matches the Dakota čhečh-. This implies a Proto-Mississipi-Valley *yek-, which is in another set. If the part we consider cognate here is -ųte, the initial r of the northern languages needs to be accounted for. Here we suggest that the r is the epenthetic glide that we normally find between inalienable *i-, which occurs with most body parts, and vowel initial stems. The difference in quality of the nasal vowels is still not accounted for in this analysis, although we have many other apparent ą/ų matches.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources