ten (1)



Proto-Siouan [old reconstruction only]

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *kyé•wrą

Proto-Dakota *wikčémną

Lakota wikčémna RTC

Dakota wikćémna ‘ten’ SRR:575b

Stoney wikčémna ‘ten’ RTC

Sioux Valley wikčémna ‘ten’ RTC

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *kré•prą

Chiwere gléblą ‘ten’ RTC , gré•brą ‘ten’ RR

Hoocąk kerepą́ną ‘ten’ KM:1800 , kerepąną

Proto-Dhegiha *krébrą

Omaha †gðébðą ‘ten’ [v. below] SAY

Omaha-Ponca gðébǫ ‘ten’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw léblą ‘ten’ RR

Osage gthébthoⁿ , †lébrą ‘ten’ LF:54a

Quapaw kdébną ‘ten’ RR

General comment

James 1823:lxxxii, lxxviii. 10 kra1-ba3-ra2 fa1te; fa3ll; fa2r †grebða 20 kra1-ba3-ra2-no2m-ba3 mo2ve These show that in 1823 Omaha still had the final syllable cluster. Biloxi is doubtful as Proto-Siouan *wr usually > d there. Ofo is equally doubtful. As for the Lakota, we already have a number of instances of *r > čh when preceded by possessive i-. It is possible that the i of the preceding syllable here has had the same effect. Then, barring any evidence of a Proto-Siouan *y in other languages, the best reconstruction might be Proto-Mississipi-Valley *kré•wrą rather than *kyé•wrą.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources