stun, kill

verb psychosomatic_caus



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-sáki

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *-sáke

Chiwere githáge , †giθáge ‘knock down, possibly kill’ JGT:245

Hoocąk sák, gi- ‘sock, hit, beat up’ [kill, knock unconscious, Lk-19.13] KM:386 , gisak ‘ramrod’ KM:1044 , sak, hirowá- ‘kill with the mouth’ KM:2561 , hirowasak , sák, ra- , rasak

Proto-Dhegiha *-sáki

Kanza/Kaw sági, ba- ‘stun, strike dead, stab to death’ RR , sagi, bó- ‘stun or kill by shooting or punching’ RR , sági, bü- ‘stun, knock down, knock over’ RR , sági, ga- ‘stun by striking, be stunned by a fall’ RR , sági, ną- ‘stun or kill by kicking, stamping’ RR , sági, ya- ‘stun or kill by biting’ RR , sági, yü- ‘stun or kill by squeezing, choking’ RR

Osage gaça´gi , †kasáki ‘give a stunning blow’ LF:43

Quapaw disáki ‘hard, moulded with hands’

General comment

We reconstruct *-i since -e is the most common unaccented ending and the class into which many verbs are regularized.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources