split (2)

verb physical_contact_deformation



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *xré-kE

Proto-Dakota xrékA

Lakota xléča ‘cracked’ B&D:17 , -xléča, ka- ‘tear open by striking to split open, to fracture’ EB:275 , -xléča, na- ‘rend or tear open with the foot’ EB:344 , -xléča, yu- ‘tear in pieces with the hands’ EB:638 , -xléča, pa- ‘tear to pieces, pull to pieces; to tear something by pushing or leaning against it’ EB:42 , -xléča, wa- ‘cut or break in pieces with a knife, rend in cutting’ EB:519 , -xleča, awó- ‘split by shooting or punching on anything’ EB:100 , -xléča, ya- ‘tear with the mouth something from something else, as a piece from a newspaper’ EB:620


Chiwere xléxlege ‘jagged’ GM

Proto-Dhegiha *xré-ke

Kanza/Kaw xlége ‘jagged, serrated’ RR , -xlége, ba- ‘crack sth., break an egg’ RR , -xlege, bó- ‘crack or shatter by shooting’ RR , -xlége, ga- ‘crack, smash, break a solid, hard obj.’ RR , -xlége, ya- ‘crack with the teeth, as a nut’ RR , -xlége, yü- ‘crack something’ RR , -xléxlege, ya- ‘crack with the teeth, as eating ice’ RR

Osage gaxthége , †kaxléke ‘crack something brittle’ LF:49a

General comment

Cf. the other two fricative symbolism grades. Morphemic segmentation is done on the basis of the s forms, q.v.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources