noun physical_artefact_dress



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *pse• (o-hųpe)

Proto-Dakota *pse-ohąpa

Lakota psoháƞpa EB:446b

Dakota pse ‘snowshoe’ SRR:425b , pse-yá-pi ‘the water ash, so called because used for making snow-shoes’ SRR:425b


Hoocąk sée ‘snowshoes’ KM:2809 , see


Omaha-Ponca sé hįbe

General comment

To the extent that this is analyzable, it seems to be a compound of a root *pse and, apparently, locative *o- and local reflexes of *hų́•pe ‘shoe’. Parallel instances of #ps- clusters point to an older *wa-sé• where wa- is ‘absolutive’. Riggs’ explanation of ‘water ash’ perhaps reverses the direction of derivation. That is, rather than the tree being named for the snowshoe, the snowshoe is probably an ‘ash shoe’.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources