skim (1)

verb physical_contact_manipulation


Proto-Siouan *-se(-re)

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-ze

Proto-Dakota *-ze

Lakota -zé, ka- ‘ladle or dip out with a spoon or ladle’ EB:296 , -ze, wíka- ‘a gravy strainer’ EB:585 , -ze, wína- ‘a strainer, a filter’ EB:587 , -zé, ya- ‘take out with the mouth from something, as food from a kettle the way a dog does, or a killed duck from a pond’ EB:631 , -zé, yu- ‘dip, ladle out, e.g. food from a kettle; to skim’ EB:657

Dakota yuzé ‘dip, lade out, as food from a kettle; to skim’ SRR:647b


Hoocąk wiigíze ‘ladle’ KM:3969 , wiigize (> wa-hi-gize)

Proto-Dhegiha *-zéze

Kanza/Kaw áttazéze ‘fill out, fill up, raise level’ RR

Quapaw ákkizéze ithéde ‘pile up many flat objects one on another’ RR



Biloxi adŭkse´ , †adakse ‘she spread over him’ D&S:213a , dŭkse´kaⁿ , †dakséką ‘sweep it!’ D&S:205 , dŭksedi, dûkse´di , †daksédi ‘sweep a room’ D&S:213a

General comment

Cf. ‘skim (3)’ for evidence of the possible relatedness of these meanings.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources