white (2)



Proto-Siouan [old reconstruction only]

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ská

Proto-Dakota *ská

Lakota ská ‘bleach by striking or dragging; to become clear, to clear off, as clouds, smoke etc.’ RTC , ská, ka- ‘bleach, get white’ EB:288 , ská, na- ‘bleach; to rub and make white’ EB:356 , ská, pa- ‘wash off, as rain does whitewash’ EB:433 , ská, wo- ‘make clean with the mouth’ EB:607 , ská, ya- ‘whiten, cleanse, to gather with the fingers.’ EB:626 , ská, yu- EB:649

Stoney θká PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ská•

Chiwere θká• ‘white’ [IO and OT] RR

Hoocąk sgáa ‘white’ KM:2818 , sgaa ‘light (in color)’ KM:2529 , sgá, raa- , rasga

Proto-Dhegiha *ská

Omaha-Ponca ská ‘white’ RTC, RR

Kanza/Kaw ská ‘white’ RR

Osage ská ‘white’ RR

Quapaw ská ‘white’ RR

General comment

This seems to be the newer of the terms for ‘white’, partially replacing *asą́• in MVS, where, for example, in Kanza/Kaw ská is translated ‘white’, while są(hą) is translated ‘distant white, whitish, hazy white’.

Other languages

  • Cf. Yuchi: yaka, jaka LB
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources