whistle (3)



Proto-Siouan *só•-pE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *co•pE

Crow čóopi ‘squeak’ RG

Hidatsa có•pE ‘chirp’ J

Pre-Mandan *Sop-

Mandan šopkáʔ ‘prairie dog, groundhog, gopher’ RTC , sópoʔš ‘it squeaks, chirps, whistles’ H:214 , sópsope ‘sparrow, cricket’ H:214

General comment

The accentual pattern and vowel length here are unexplained and would normally imply an old initial syllable.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources