noun plant_part




Proto-Dhegiha *sta(r)įke

Kanza/Kaw stáyįge ‘persimmon’ RR , stǫ́įge ‘persimmon’ RR

Osage stąðį́ke ‘persimmon’ JOD , çtaíⁿge , †staį́ke ‘persimmon preserving’ LF:32b

Quapaw staną́ke ‘persimmon’ RR , staną́hi ‘persimmon tree’ JOD, RR



Biloxi stíiñkí , †stíįki ‘plum’ D&S:258a

General comment

The DH doublets and Biloxi suggest that MVS -r- may be epenthetic and the original construction *sta + į́ke (with neither portion of the compound identified semantically). The Otoe analog must have been borrowed after *s > θ and variably > s in that language. The numerous irregularities and geographic distribution of this term suggest that it diffused across the more southerly Siouan languages from an original compounding in one of them or from some unrelated and, as yet, unidentified language. The chronology of borrowing and sound change in Otoe suggest that movement was from South to North at a relatively late period. This probably corresponds to the time when the Otoes moved southwest and encountered DH speakers.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources