nose (3), nostril

noun physical_somatic_body_part




Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *phų́-

Chiwere phų́xa ‘nose’ RTC , phų́glaǰe ‘nostril’ GMsf

Hoocąk pųsopox, pǫsopox ‘nostrils; holes-in-nose’ MM:364 , pųųšje hopox


Quapaw ppąkdátte ‘palate, roof of mouth’ JOD



Biloxi putcoⁿ, pŭtcuⁿ, ptcûⁿ, ptcoⁿ , †pučǫ ‘nose’ D&S:248

Ofo apĭ´ntcu , †apį́ču ‘nose’ D&S:321a


Catawba hipį́su•ʔ ‘his nose’ FS

General comment

This form shows a pervasive nasalization, and differences in fricative grade. Aspiration of the intial consonant is to be expected, but is missing in Ofo. If, as JOD’s transcription suggests, Quapaw conflates Proto-Siouan and , the above Quapaw form may fit here. All in all, however, this is a very insecure set due to differences in vowel quality and nasalization. This is also one of several places in which Catawba and either Ofo, Biloxi or both, (Ofo and Catawba in this instance) coincide in ways that would seem to be beyond coincidence. We believe that contact and borrowing have played a role, although given the historical locations of the Biloxi, Ofo and Catawba, it is hard to see just how. Because the sound correspondences between Siouan and Catawban are so poorly understood, the Catawba entry is listed under two distinct ‘nose’ terms. Cf. also Yuchi tə̨pʔi ‘nose’ (LB).

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources