mud, dirt, earth

noun physical_substance



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *mą́•ha

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *mą́•ha

Chiwere mą́ha ‘earth, muddy’ RR

Hoocąk mąąhá ‘mud, be muddy’ KM , mąąha

Proto-Dhegiha *mąha

Omaha-Ponca šódemąhą ‘fog’ , cúdemahaⁿ

Kanza/Kaw mąhá ‘land’ JOD

Osage nímoⁿhoⁿ , †nį́mąhą ‘marsh, marshy land’ LF:109a

General comment

This is one of a large number of terms apparently incorporating reflexes of *wą-earth, ground, land’. This and other composite terms may be recently derived in various subgroups.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources