interrogative (1)

pronoun n/a


Proto-Siouan *to•

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *to•

Crow co• ‘where? when? why? how? which? what? whither? whence?’ L:70 , shóohte ‘where? wherever? exactly where?’ GG:65 , shóon ‘where?’ GG:66 , có•na’ta ‘anywhere’ L:71 , shóolaaʔ ‘where is it?’ GG:66 , có•ra’ta ‘either one, any place’ L:71 , shóoʔ ‘where’ GG:66 , shóolak ‘I wonder’ GG:66 , shósseeʔ ‘which direction?’ GG:66 , có•tsi’k’’whoever’ L:72

Hidatsa to• ‘which?, where?’ [ʔ question marker] J , to•- in: to•ʔ ‘where is it?’ J , -to• in: akuto•; aku ‘which one?, relativizer’ J , tó- in: tóhka ‘where?’ J , to•- in: to•hka•ruš ‘anyplace’ J , tó- in: tóhta• ‘whither?’ J , to•- in: to•ru ‘where?’ J , to•- in: to•ruha• ‘which way, wherever’ J , to•- in: tó•šaʔ ‘how is it/he/she ?’ J , tó•- in: tó•šaruš ‘later’ J , to•- in: to•šeʔe ‘what’s the matter, what did he do?’ J , to•- in: to•še•wa ‘why is it’ J , -to•- in: héʔešato•k ‘perhaps, maybe’ J , -to•- in: ta•pato•k ‘what could it be?’ J



Lakota to- in: tohą́hą ‘At what time? At what times, places? How far?’ [of tohą] EB:493 , tó- in: tóhąxci ‘some other time in the future perhaps’ [Toniketu? How is it with you, how are you?] EB:493 , to- in: tohą́l ‘When, when?’ [also, tónagnag, tónagnakeca; of tonakeca] EB:493 , tó- in: tóhąšna ‘sometime’ EB:493 , to- in: tohą́tą ‘for all the past time’ EB:493 , to- in: tohą́tu ‘When?’ EB:493 , to- in: tohą́yą ‘as long as, as far as; for how long?’ EB:493 , tó- in: tóhe ‘his place, his camp; his office or position’ EB:494 , tó- in: tóka ‘why? how is it? what is up?’ EB:494a , to- in: toką́, tokhą́l ‘in another place, elsewhere; another way; another, as another person’ EB:49 , tó- in: tókhecae ‘why?’ EB:496b , tó- in: tókhetu ‘how is it? as it is’ EB:497b , tó- in: tókhi ‘where, somewhere’ EB:497b , tó- in: tókša ‘presently, by and by, before long; yes’ EB:498 , tó- in: tóktu ‘how is it?’ EB:499 , tó- in: tóna ‘how many, which?’ EB:499 , tó- in: tónagna ‘how many?’ EB:499 , tó- in: tónana ‘a few, how few’ EB:499

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources