vermin (5)

noun animal_insect


Proto-Siouan *wakrí•

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *wakrí

Proto-Dakota *wakrú-

Lakota waglúla ‘worms, maggots’ RTC

Dakota wamdúdą ‘maggots’ SRR

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *wakrí

Chiwere waglí ‘insect, worm ?’ GM

Hoocąk wikirí ‘insect, worm’ KM:3725 , wikiri; wakiri


Quapaw wakdí ‘worm, maggot’ RR


Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *a•kri

Biloxi akidí, akĭdi , †akidi ‘insects’ D&S:171a

Ofo ā´kti , †á•kti ‘bug, insect’ D&S:320a, JSS

General comment

The root vowel in Dakotan is irregular, as is the k > p in the Riggs form (but cf. ‘vermin (2)’ for a similar change). The final syllable in Dakotan is the diminutive. This set, like several of the ‘vermin’ sets, contains several minor irregularities that call the reconstruction somewhat into question.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources