growl, bellow

verb perceptual_auditory


Proto-Siouan *tá•xe


Hidatsa tá•xe ‘growl, grunt’ J


Mandan táx ‘make a loud noise, bellow’ H:246

General comment

None of the languages represented here has reflexes of Proto-Siouan aspiration, so that feature is indeterminate at present. Chiwere í•xe ‘moan, groan, straining noise to ease pain’ (JDH) may not be cognate. In the absence of a Crow form with the appropriate meaning (not ‘knock’), it is also possible that Hidatsa has simply borrowed the term from Mandan.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources