verb physical_motion


Proto-Siouan *re•(he)

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *rÉhe

Crow dÉE ‘go’ RG, GG:43, RGG:31

Hidatsa rehe ‘go’ J

Pre-Mandan *re•he-

Mandan ré•hoʔš ‘he’s going’ RTC , orára•harįtoʔrą ‘Are you pl. going to go?’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *rÉ

Proto-Dakota *yA´

Lakota yA´ ‘go’ RTC

Dakota ya ‘go’ SRR:601a

Sioux Valley yA´ ‘go’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *re•

Chiwere , †ré ‘go’ W:246b

Hoocąk rée ‘go, start going; go outside’ KM:2589 , ree

Proto-Dhegiha *ré

Omaha-Ponca ðÉ ‘go’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw ‘go’ RR

Osage the , †ðÉ ‘go’ LF:273a

Quapaw ‘go’ RR

Proto-Southeastern *ré•(-re)

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *ré•(-re)

Biloxi dé, dédi, dá dĕ , †dé(di) [+ ablaut] D&S:181a

Ofo té̄kna , †té•- D&S:330, JSS


Tutelo alēwa, la, qala , †-ré•- [+ ablaut] H

Saponi ire ‘to go towards’ F


Catawba da•ʔ- ‘go on foot’ FS , ra ‘go’ KS

General comment

Mandan preserves the final *-E of the root only in some (not all) ablauted forms, like the one given, where the root appears as ra•ha-. The root appears as re•h- in non-ablauted forms. It seems likely that this root was one of the first in Proto-Siouan where the ablaut spread from an unaccented final E to an accented root vowel; i.e., the sequence of changes may have been **re•he > *re•he. Catawba has a variety of motion verbs: da•ʔ- behaves like a Siouan instrumental prefix.

Other languages

  • Cf. Yuchi da, ła ‘go’ LB
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources