urine (2), urinate (2)



Proto-Siouan *-Ré•xE , *haréˑxe RR

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *e•raxE

Crow eeláxi RG

Hidatsa é•xE ‘urine, urinate’ J , é•xi

Pre-Mandan *-rexE

Mandan órexe ‘urine’ H:180


Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *Ré•ɣe

Chiwere ǰé•ye ‘urinate’ RR

Hoocąk téex KM:3118 , teex



Biloxi dixyí , †dixí ‘urinate’ D&S:183b , hadíxi , †dixí ‘urine’

General comment

Crow seems to show the older MRS form, with expected e > a perhaps before x. Hidatsa has lost intervocalic r. Initial e• is perhaps due to the influence of ‘excrete’, q.v. Two Ablaut grades are preserved in what is probably a deverbal noun. Cf. ‘urine (1), urinate (1)’. Biloxi initial ha-, if also Proto-Siouan, would provide the *hr cluster in Proto-Mississipi-ValleyS that would yield *R from Proto-Siouan *r.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources