dry (1)

verb perceptual


Proto-Siouan *ú•sE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ú•cE

Crow úuči ‘dry’ RG, GG:58, RGG:98

Hidatsa ú•cE ‘dry’ J , ú•ci

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *pú•zE

Proto-Dakota *púzA

Lakota púza ‘dry’ RTC , púzA, ka- ‘make something dry by shaking it in the wind; to become dry by being shaken by the wind, as wash’ BT, EB:288a, EJ , púza, pa- ‘rub dry, wipe dry’ EB:433a , púza, ya- ‘dry with the mouth’ EB:626b , púza, yu- ‘make dry, to wipe dry’ EB:649a , wapusya ‘dry e.g. clothes’ EJ

Dakota púza ‘dry’ SRR:429b

Stoney búða PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *pú•ze

Chiwere bú•ðe ‘dry’ RR

Hoocąk wúus ‘dry’ KM:3841 , wuus ‘be dried’ KM:3091 , wús, taa- , taawus

Proto-Dhegiha *bü•´ze

Omaha-Ponca bí•ze ‘dry’ RR, RTC

Kanza/Kaw bǘze ‘dry’ RR , bǘze, ba- ‘brush dry, brush off dry’ JOD, RR , bǘze, bu- ‘dry by rubbing, wring out’ JOD, RR , bǘze, dá- ‘dry from exposure to heat or air’ RR , bǘze, ga- ‘dry as the wind does, brush off.’ RR

Osage bíçe, biúçe , †bǘze ‘dry, withered’ LF:26b, LF:27b

Quapaw bizé, bíze ‘dry’ RR


Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *ú•xi

Biloxi uxwí, úxwi , †úxwi ‘dry’ D&S:283b

Ofo ósi ‘dry’ D&S:327b , ū´si , †ú•si ‘dry’ JSS

General comment

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa and Proto-Biloxi-Ofo suggest that this was a vowel-initial root. The p/w/b of MVS is unexplained. In other instances such labial consonant correspondences are reflexes of an earlier wa-, wi-, but conditioning factors here are entirely wanting. Cf. ‘sand (1)’.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources