crush (2)

verb physical_contact_deformation


Proto-Siouan *Sú•SE


Crow dáššuši ‘break with mouth’ RGG:25, GG:42 , -sshushi, dá- ‘break with mouth; bring down verbally’ RG , -sshushi, dú- ‘break’ RG

Hidatsa -cu•xE, ara- ‘break up fine by stepping on’ J , -cu•xE, ná- ‘grind up fine in mouth, chew up’ J , -cu•xE, nak- ‘hammer it fine, crush’ J , -cu•xE, nú- ‘grind up fine, crush’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *SúžE


Lakota nasúsuza ‘snap, as ice forming’ [- ablaut] , yusúsuze ‘noise made when rubbing two pieces of ice together’ EJ , kašúžA ‘bruise, batter; to mash, crush by striking’ EB:292a, EJ , našúžA ‘bruise or crush with the foot’ EB:359b, EJ , pašúžA ‘crush with the hand; to break or mash by punching’ EB:435b, EJ , yašúžA ‘crush, as a dog does a bone; to mash up’ EB:629a, EJ , pašúšužA ‘mash up, break in pieces e.g. bones’ EB:435b, EJ , wošúžA ‘crush by punching; to crush or mash up’ EB:610a, EJ , yušúžA ‘crush e.g. bones; to break in slivers’ EB:653a, EJ


Kanza/Kaw wadáxüže ‘cracklings’ MR, RR

General comment

The listed Kanza/Kaw wadáxüže may really be wadáɣüže and thus related to the ɣu of ‘Brulé’ in Dakota meaning ‘burnt’, rather than to the present set.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources