strike (6)

verb physical_contact_impact

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-htÉ

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa (x)the ‘pound, grind’ J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan -teʔš, ka- ‘he pounds it, shoots a gun’ H:247

Proto-Mississipi-Valley ka-htá , *ka-htÉ

Proto-Dakota *kathatha

Lakota kathátha ‘blunt by striking’ EB:293a, ED

Dakota kat’át’a , †kathátha ‘make blunt by striking’ SRR:270a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk gičé ‘strike, knock off a piece’ KM:321 , gice

Proto-Dhegiha *ka-htá(-hta-)ra

Kanza/Kaw gattáya, gattáttaya ‘knock to pieces’ RR

Osage gaṭátha , †kahtáða ‘crumble or ruin’ LF:138b

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Ofo uⁿthĕ´ , †ųthé ‘fall’ D&S:331b

General comment

Cf. ‘shake (1)’, ‘strike (2)’. The DH forms may well be cognate if they are back formations from the reduplicated form, which typically requires the a-grade. This set is aberrant in that there is no Dakotan *kathé or kathá. These do seem to be reduplicated forms though, because both t’s are aspirated.

Details Language Word Source