skim (3)

verb physical_contact_manipulation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-xe•(re)

Pre-Mandan *-xe•r-

Mandan -xéroʔš, ra- ‘he grabs it with his mouth’ H:312 , -xéroʔš, ru- ‘he grabs it’ H:312

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-ɣé

Proto-Dakota *-ɣé

Lakota -ɣé, ka- ‘skim off, e.g. cream from milk’ EB:272 , -ɣé, yu- ‘take out with the hand’ EB:636 , -ɣéɣe, yu- ‘gather up in the hand, to take up by handfuls’ EB:636 , -ɣéɣe, ya- ‘gather with the mouth, as cattle do grass’ EB:618

Dakota yu-ġé ‘to take out with the hand’ SRR:623a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *-ɣé

Chiwere gixé , †giɣé ‘to skim milk or cream, lift a blanket’ JGT:21

Hoocąk -ɣé, gi- ‘bring out, as fish with net’ KM:337 , giǧe ‘fish out of a liquid with the mouth’ KM:2547 , -ɣé, ra- ‘rescue one from drowning; pull out of water’ KM:2671 , raǧe , -ɣé, ru- , ruǧe

Proto-Dhegiha *-ɣé

Kanza/Kaw -ɣé, ga- ‘sweep up, scrape together’ RR , -ɣé, yü- ‘dip’ RR

Quapaw -xé, di- ‘rake, sweep litter away’ RR

General comment

Cf. ‘skim (1)’. This set complements the s grade of the root.

Details Language Word Source