‘wild cat, tiger, lion’
[inmú- in compounds]
tmotcká, tûmótcka, tûmotck
Technically it might be possible to reconstruct a Proto-Siouan term for ‘bobcat’
from this set. In fact, this is almost certainly a diffused form and a
widely diffused one at that. Given the ‘squash, pumpkin’ set, q.v., which
certainly appears to contain a borrowing from an Algonquian sequence
something like -kwa•n-, this set might potentially be reconstructed
approximately *kwų́• with the usual dissimilation of the unacceptable *wų
cluster. In this instance however, the apparent tyų of Yuchi šatyone
‘fox’ or šatʔanę ~ šatyʌ̨ne ‘wildcat’ (LB) and the Iroquoian forms cited
below cause us to favor a prototype (i.e., not a reconstruction) with a
dental rather than a velar stop. Thus the form that has diffused in Siouan
would have likely been something like †twų́•. Cf. also Iroquoian: Moh.
atì:ru; Oneida atì:lu; H. tiron; Wy. atí:roⁿ; Tusc. néʔrvʔ.
(Mithun, Extending the Rafters, p.265). V. also ‘raccoon’ (p. 266, same
entries). Also cf. Hoocąk -kųnų́k ‘bobbed, cut off clean’ KM-1922. If Hidatsa
belongs in this set at all, it suggests rightward vowel exchange from an
earlier †itapu•, where length is a syllable feature, not a vowel feature.
This in turn may correspond to our proposed diffused form. The Crow form, if
it is cognate with the Hidatsa, might reflect loss of a and assimilation of
u• to the following i of the compound. Tutelo has reflexes of t, r and
u, but little else can be said about it. The prefix i- suggests that
this may be a term that was once marked with a reflex of the the Proto-Siouan animate
classifier, *wi- in some of the languages, but this is uncertain.
Cf. Yuchi catione ‘fox’, šatyʌ̨ne ‘wildcat’ LB