walk (2)

physical_motion

Proto-Siouan-Catawba *awą́•

Proto-Siouan *wą́•

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *mą́•-_rį

Proto-Dakota *mą́_nį

Lakota má_ni RTC

Dakota má_ni PAS

Stoney má_ni PAS

Sioux Valley má_ni PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *mą́•nį

Chiwere mą́•ñį ‘walk’ RR

Hoocąk mąąnį́ KM:1991 , mąąnį

Proto-Dhegiha *mąrį́

Omaha-Ponca mǫðį́ ‘walk’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw mąyį́ ~ mǫyį́ ‘walk’ RR

Osage mąðí ‘walk’ RR

Quapaw mąnį́ ~ monį́ ‘walk’ RR

Proto-Catawba

Catawba ʔawą• ‘walk’ [ɔ both accented and nasalized; first ə] KS, MAS , ʔαwɔ̨́•səʔərÉ D&S:1236a

General comment

cf. ‘walk (1)’. If the Catawba form cited meant ‘walk’ primarily, the term found in many Siouan languages is indeed an old compound, but the initial element is not the awą- ‘ground’ root that some Siouanists had thought.

The Catawba form also clarifies vowel length and accent in some of the languages, e.g., Hoocąk and Chiwere, in that reconstruction of the initial syllable regularizes placement of the suprasegmentals. It is not clear why *r is not nasalized completely in DH.

Details Language Word Source