hickory nut

noun plant_part

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *hpą́• or: *hpį́• (?)

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hpą́•

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk pąąǰágu ‘hickory tree’ KM:2445 , pąąjagu ‘nut’ KM:2444 , pąąǰá , pąąja

Proto-Dhegiha *hpą́

Kanza/Kaw ppą́ttąŋa ‘walnut’ RR , ppą́sceǰe ‘pecan’ RR

Osage p̣óⁿṭoⁿga , †hpą́htąka ‘nut of the hickory tree’ LF:129b

Quapaw ppǫ ‘hickory nut’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi piⁿhudí , †pįhudí ‘hickory’ D&S:246a , piⁿtxógoⁿ , †pįtxókǫ ‘pecan’ D&S:246a , píⁿhu ayáⁿ , †pį́hu ayą́ ‘hickory wood’ D&S:246a

General comment

Cf. ‘artichoke, edible root’. The two groups of cognates represented here are irreconcilable. Comparison of the Biloxi with the southern MVS terms is attractive even though the vowels do not match. Choice of either vowel in the reconstruction is arbitrary within this set, but ‘artichoke, edible root’, q.v., leads us to choose *ą•.

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