hand > claws, nails

noun physical_somatic_body_part

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *i-šá•ke

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *(i-)ša•kE

Crow iščí ‘hand’ RG, GG:91, RGG:73

Hidatsa ša•kE ‘hand’ J , wašaki ‘my hand’ J , mašaki

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *šá•ke

Proto-Dakota *šaké

Lakota šaké ‘claws, nails’ RTC

Dakota śaké , †šaké ‘nails, claws, hoofs’ SRR:440b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *šá•ke

Chiwere šá•ge, sá•ge ‘fingernail’ RR

Hoocąk šáak ‘claw, nail (cf. finger or toe)’ KM:2901 , šaak

Proto-Dhegiha *šá•ke

Omaha-Ponca šá•ge ‘claws, nails’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw šáge ‘claw’ RR

Osage šáke ‘claw’ RR

Quapaw šáke ‘claw’ RR

Proto-Southeastern *i-čá•ki

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *i-čá•ki

Biloxi ča•keʔ MRH, MS , tcak, tcaké, tcáke, tcawaxé, tcaoxĕ´ , †ča•ki ‘hand, claws, nails’ D&S:260b

Ofo itcáki , †ičáki ‘hand’ D&S:324a

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo tsutsāki, tçutçāǫ , †cu-ca•ki ‘fingernails’ H

Proto-Catawba

Catawba iksa ‘hand’ KS

General comment

In MVS this term is restricted to ‘claws, nails’, while in MRS it means ‘hand’. In OVS the situation is more obscure: in Biloxi/Ofo the term means ‘hand’, while the Tutelo form is a compound meaning ‘nails’. Cf. ‘hand (2)’.

Other languages

  • Proto Muskogean *sakkwa ‘arm’ MRH
Details Language Word Source