call someone by name, to name

verb social_communication


Proto-Siouan *ra•tE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ra•ša•tE

Crow dáasaaši ‘call by name’ GG:40

Hidatsa raša•tE ‘call (on) someone by name; to name’ J , naša•ti

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *rá•tE

Proto-Dakota *-yata

Lakota čhažé_yata ‘call by name’ RTC

Dakota ćaz´é_yata , †-yata ‘call by name, speak the name of’ SRR:97a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ráte

Chiwere ráǰe ‘call by name’ JGT:189

Hoocąk ráač ‘be named, call by name’ KM:2520 , raac ‘promise’ KM:2520 , mąąňáč , mąąrac

Proto-Dhegiha *ra•té

Kanza/Kaw yaǰé ‘call by name’ RR

Osage ða•cé ‘call on s.o.'s name’ CQ , wa-ghté-çe tha-dse ‘read’ LF:190

Quapaw daté ‘call by name’ RR

General comment

Cf. ‘name’, the related noun for a related fuller set. Several languages apparently compound (contract?) the noun, q.v., with a verb meaning variously ‘call by name, speak aloud, read (aloud)’. This is transparent in Dakota, with medial inflection. Crow shows correct vowel length in the ‘name’ portion of the compound where Hidatsa has shortened the vowel. Both Crow and Hidatsa inflect this normally, not medially. Length of the second syllable in Crow/Hidatsa apparently reflects loss of r- of the verb.

Other languages

  • Yuchi, YU ti (LB) ‘name’
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources