verb person_professional


Proto-Siouan *hpátE


Hidatsa -pátE, ha- ‘to saw or file’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hpátE

Proto-Dakota *pháta

Lakota pháta ‘butcher’ RTC

Stoney pháda ‘butcher’ PAS


Hoocąk páač ‘use scythe, mow’ KM:2421 , paac

Proto-Dhegiha *hpáte

Omaha-Ponca ppáde ‘butcher’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw ppáǰe ‘butcher’ RR

Osage p̣ádse , †hpáce ‘butcher, dissect’ LF:125a

General comment

Initial ha- in the Hidatsa form is the ‘cutting instrumental’ prefix and not a reflex of aspiration in the root. There are not enough data here to be certain of the status of vowel length in this set. MVS aspiration implies a missing initial syllable.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources