noun physical_artefact_container



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hkó•ke

Proto-Dakota *khoká

Lakota khoká ‘barrel, keg’ EB:314a

Sioux Valley khoká ‘box’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *khó•ke

Chiwere khó•ge ‘box’ RR

Hoocąk kóok ‘box, barrel’ KM:1879 , kook

Proto-Dhegiha *hkóke

Omaha-Ponca kkóge ‘box’ RR

Kanza/Kaw kkóge ‘box’ RR

Osage ḳogé , †hkoké ‘sound of drum’ LF:88a

Quapaw bakkóke ‘drum on sth.’ RR



Tutelo okú-ŭq ‘a box?’ HW , okúŭq ukhúse ‘put an object into a box’

General comment

Tutelo has the same root but a different extension. The reconstructible term with this particular meaning is probably restricted to MVS. The root itself is phonosymbolic with the generalized meaning ‘make a hollow sound’, hence the Osage and Quapaw meanings. Quapaw also has the root alone in bakkókko ‘drum repeatedly’. It recurs in other terms surrounding drumming and, presumably, in ‘cucurbit, gourd’, etc. Cf. also ‘hollow sound > stamp, stomp’.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources