noun animal_worm


Proto-Siouan *htáwą

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *htamą

Proto-Dakota *thama-

Lakota támak̇a , †thámaka ‘poor, lean’ EB:477a , thamáheča , †thámaka ‘poor, lean’ EB:477a

Dakota támaka ‘poor, lean’ SRR:456a , támaheća, tamáheća ‘poor, lean’ SRR:456a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *thámąkhazí

Chiwere thámą khaðí ‘nape of the neck’ GM

Hoocąk camą́kazí ‘back of the neck’ , camąkazi

Proto-Dhegiha *htamą

Omaha-Ponca tamoⁿ , †ttamą MAS:70

Osage ṭamoⁿ´ , †htamą́ ‘angleworm, earthworm’ LF:138a



Biloxi tamokí ‘worm, worms’ D&S:269b

General comment

These forms appear consistently to contain ‘deer, ruminant, bison’, etc., and may refer to parasites that lay their eggs beneath the skin at the nape of the neck, e.g. the bot fly. *ihtáwą if based on Proto-Siouan ‘neck’; *wa-htáwą if based on ‘deer’. Crow bisheechíworm’ (GG-33, DEC-2) and Hidatsa wité•ki , mité•ki ‘worm, maggot’ are based on ‘bison’, q.v., and are structurally parallel but not cognate.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources