spring (water) (2)

noun physical_substance



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *wi

Proto-Dakota *wiwí

Lakota wiwíla ‘water spring’ EB:591a

Dakota wiwí ‘bog, quagmire’ SRR:580b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *wi

Chiwere wiwíxa ‘spray (by mouth), sprinkle’ JGT:238

Hoocąk mąąʔí ‘spring, fountain’ KM:1935 , mąą’i (> mąą + ii) ‘narrow channel between bays; isthmus; small of the waist’ KM:1579 , howiwís , howiwis


Osage ui , †owi ‘spring of water and its flows’ LF:171a

General comment

Cf. ‘blood’.

Other languages

  • Creek owi•wa ‘water’ only superficially similar (RR). Cf. Tunica wíši ‘water’ píhtiwíši ‘spring water’ píhti ‘spring’ (Haas).
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources