snow (3)

verb natural_force_weather


Proto-Siouan *(wa-)wá•-hu(-re)

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *Wa•-(hu)(-re)

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *Wá•hu

Chiwere bá•hu RR

Hoocąk waahúhi KM:3198 , waahuhi

Proto-Dhegiha *Wa-(hü)-re

Omaha-Ponca máthe , †máðe

Kanza/Kaw bahǘya RR

Osage bahiúthe , †bahǘðe ‘snow’ LF:21a

Quapaw poíde RR


Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *(a-)Wahú(-ri) (?)

Biloxi wahudí , †wahudí D&S:285b

Ofo abahó , †abahó ‘hail’ D&S:319a

General comment

Cf. ‘snow (1)’. Forms with -hu occur frequently in both the noun and the verb. Doubtless there has been a lot of mixing and we find it difficult to decide which forms are basic. Incorporation of the root *hu•(-re)come’ is certainly one possibility, in which case the noun has been reanalyzed in terms of the verb. For another possibility, cf.


Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources