sharp (2)

verb perceptual_tactile


Proto-Siouan *hpá•hi

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hpá•hi

Proto-Dakota *phé

Lakota phé ‘sharp’ RTC

Sioux Valley phé ‘sharp’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *phá•hi

Chiwere phá•hį ‘sharp’ RR

Hoocąk paahí ‘sharp’ KM:2426 , paahi

Proto-Dhegiha *hpá•hi

Omaha-Ponca ppáe ‘sharp’ RR

Kanza/Kaw ppá•hi ‘sharp’ RR

Osage p̣ahí , †hpahí ‘sharp’ LF:125a

Quapaw ppohį́ ‘sharp’ MR, RR , ppoí ‘sharp’ JOD



Ofo óⁿphi , †-phi ‘sharp’ D&S:328a

General comment

The sporadic nasalization seems to be attested in widely separated languages. It is possible but speculative that the form has been contaminated by ‘porcupine’, q.v., but see also the of ‘knife’. It appears that in Dakotan the intervocallic h was irregularly lost (cf.

Omaha-Ponca), with subsequent vowel coalescence. Aspiration in the Ofo post-accentual syllable can only have come from syllable collapse pVh > ph. Possibly derived from this form are Biloxi †psųti , psûⁿtí, psoⁿti ‘sharp pointed’ (DS-248b) and Ofo †pəfhų́ti , pạfxû´nti ‘a point’ (DS-328b). This may be a compound of *hpá•hi ‘sharp’ and Biloxi sǫti ‘pointed’; cf DS-257a.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources