nose (2), end, point, tip (2)

noun physical_somatic_body_part


Proto-Siouan *hpa-sú•


Mandan pá•xu ‘nose’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hpasú

Proto-Dakota *phasú

Lakota phasú ‘nose, beak’ RTC

Dakota pasú ‘nose, snout, beak’ SRR:413b


Chiwere pháθu ‘nose’ RR

Proto-Dhegiha *hpasǘ

Omaha-Ponca hoppási ‘gar’ MJS:84 , hupáçi çnede

Kanza/Kaw ppasǘ ‘tip, point, corner’ RR

Osage p̣açí , †hpasí ‘point, top of tree’ LF:124a

Quapaw hó ppási stétte ‘gar’ RR , mazéppasí ‘nipples (of breast)’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern *pasú•


Biloxi (?) psohĕ´ , †psohé ‘having corners or angles’ D&S:248a , ó psahedí , †psahedi ‘corner fish’ D&S:248a


Tutelo pasūye; pasūi , †pasu•- ‘head’ N

Saponi posse , †pasi ‘head’ F


Catawba hipįsu•ʔ ‘his nose’ FS , dəpęsuʔ ‘my nose’ MAS, KS:166

General comment

Cf. ‘head, nose (1), front end’. This shows an old compound of *ahpá ‘head, nose’ and *sú•kernel, seed’. Mandan has altered the fricative grade. The Catawba form may go with ‘nose (3), nostril’, q.v. Note that, in this compounded form, ‘head’ does not show the initial vowel which it displays in the simplex.

Interestingly there is also no trace of (inalienable) possessive morphology with this body part term.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources