guts, intestines

noun physical_somatic_body_part


Proto-Siouan *(i-)ší•pe

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ší•pa

Crow šíipa ‘intestines’ RG, GG:55, RGG:104

Hidatsa ší•pa ‘intestines’ J


Mandan sípe ‘guts’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ší•pe

Proto-Dakota *šupé

Lakota šupé ‘guts, intestines’ RTC

Dakota śupé , †šupé ‘guts, intestines’ SRR:450b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ší•be

Chiwere ší•we ‘intestines’ RR

Hoocąk šíip ‘intestines’ KM:2948 , šiip

Proto-Dhegiha *ší•pe ~ *šǘ•pe

Omaha-Ponca ší•be ‘guts’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw šü•´we ‘guts’ RR , šü•´be JOD

Osage shíbe , †šǘpe ‘guts’ LF:131b , shiu´be , †šǘpe ‘intestines’ LF:132a

Quapaw šíwe ‘guts’ RR


Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *čhípi

Biloxi tciwí, tcíwi, tcíwiyaⁿ , †čiwi D&S:264b

Ofo tchípi , †čhípi D&S:329b

General comment

The -u- in Dakota, Kanza/Kaw, and Osage presumably results from contact with the following labial. Cf. ‘tail (2) > bird tail’, where the sporadic rounding before a labial is separately attested. Ofo aspiration and the accentual and length patterns in other languages suggest a missing initial syllable. None of the languages shows one, but since ‘intestines’ is a body part, it may have been a dependent noun with initial *i-, though there is frequently a difference in the possessive treatment of internal and external body parts.

Other languages

  • Cf. Yuchi: tšhi, tšhe LB
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources