grass (2)

noun plant



Proto-Mississipi-Valley *mą•hį́


Chiwere má^inje ‘milkweed’ JGT:155

Hoocąk mąąhį́č ‘milkweed’ KM:1961 , mąąhįc

Proto-Dhegiha *mąhį́

Omaha-Ponca moⁿhiⁿ´tu , †mąhį́to MAS:87

Kanza/Kaw mąhį́ ‘grass’ RR

Osage moⁿhiⁿ´ , †mąhį́ ‘grass’ LF:98b

Quapaw mahį́-nį ‘tea’ RR , mąhį́ ‘grass’ JOD

General comment

Cf. ‘grass (4)’, ‘grass (3)’ which is much more widespread. Cf. Cheyenne moe• ‘grass’ Aubin 1180. If this were a borrowing from Algonquian the apparent discrepancy between apparent Chiwere medial ʔ and the h found elsewhere might be accounted for. Alternatively the Chiwere transcription might be mistaken; JGT normally uses the circumflex for ʔ. The seeming accentual disagreement between Chiwere/Hoocąk and Proto-Dhegiha may be due to reanalysis flowing from folk etymology: viewing the form as a compound of *mą ‘earth’ + *hį ‘hair’.

Other languages

  • JEK: Cf. Cheyenne moe: ‘grass’ Aubin 1180.
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources