noun physical_somatic_body_part


Proto-Siouan *i-sí

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *icí

Crow ičí ‘his foot’ RG, GG:72, RGG:71

Hidatsa icí ‘his foot’ J


Mandan šíʔ ‘foot’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *sí

Proto-Dakota *sí

Lakota ‘foot’ RTC

Dakota ‘foot’ SRR:433b

Stoney θí ‘foot’ [< si ‘foot’ + ha ‘skin’] PAS , sihá PAS:88

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *sí

Chiwere θí ‘foot’ RTC, RR

Hoocąk síi ‘foot (of body)’ KM:2833 , sii

Proto-Dhegiha *sí

Omaha-Ponca ‘foot’ RTC, RR

Kanza/Kaw ‘foot’ RR

Osage ‘foot’ RR

Quapaw ‘foot’ RR

Proto-Southeastern *isí•

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *isí

Biloxi isí, así , †isí ‘the feet’ D&S:254b , , †sí ‘foot’ D&S:254b

Ofo tcĭ´fhĭ, ĭfhĭ´ , †ifhí ‘foot’ D&S:329b


Tutelo içi; isī , †isi• ‘foot’ N, H

General comment

La Flesche LF-32b reports an Osage form with the shape çu-e and the gloss ‘foot, archaic’. The apparently rounded vowel cannot be accounted for but v. ‘bird (2)’ for a clear parallel. This is a form in which we would have expected Proto-Siouan vowel length, but there is no overt evidence for it except in Tutelo (Hoocąk monosyllables are always long). The initial *i- probably marks inherent possession.

Other languages

  • Seneca -ahsíʔt(a)- Chafe, 47.
Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources