verb evaluative



Pre-Mandan *wa•xųp-

Mandan wáxųpoʔš ‘he’s clumsy’ H:283

General comment

We may be dealing with a borrowing here. Additionally, there is a widespread DH root xǫ́ which means ‘break’ that is used with the usual variety of instrumentals. It would fit with Mandan perfectly, but it lacks any root extension outside of Mandan. Cf. ‘break loose > dislocate’.

Language Cognate Phonetic Siouan Meaning Comment Sources