suck (1)

verb physical_action

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-xoke

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *-xukE

Crow xuchi, dáa- ‘suck in (eating)’ GG:41 , xáchi, kulu- ‘comb, spur’ GG:51

Hidatsa xukE, ná- ‘suck up’ [(ra); also -xoki] J , xukE, (h)kiru- ‘comb hair’ [also ra-] J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-zókE

Proto-Dakota *yazókA

Lakota -zókA, ya- ‘sip’ RTC

Dakota yazoka ‘sip’ WM:207b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk ɣók, hora- ‘siphon, v.’ KM:1474 , horaǧok

Proto-Dhegiha

Quapaw ádazokka ‘point with the lips; close the lips and stick out the mouth’ RR

General comment

Cf. ‘suck (2)’. Cf. ‘slip (6)’ for another instance in which Crow or Hidatsa seems to have altered a root vowel u following the ru- prefix. Lakota and Quapaw show a different spirant grade, and the Quapaw form has a -ka root extension.

Details Language Word Source